# Highest/Lowest Functions

This section lists functions specifically designed to identify the highest and lowest bar in a range.

## Highest

**Usage**

HIGHEST(EXPR[,N]) HHV(EXPR[,N])

- expr
- The expression being evaluated.
- n
- The number of bars over which
*expr*is evaluated.

**Description**

Returns the highest (numerically largest) value *expr* has assumed over the last *n* periods. That is, counting the current bar and the n-1 previous bars. If *n* is not given, then it will return the highest value *expr* has assumed over the entire dataset. Not to be confused with Max.

The related HighestBars function can be used to determine which bar was the highest.

**Example**

highest(H,10) is the highest high value for the last 10 bars.

highest(V,15) is the highest volume for any one bar over the last 15.

highest(H) is the highest high value for the entire dataset.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

HighestBars | Lowest | Max | Min

## HighestBars

**Usage**

HIGHESTBARS(EXPR[,N]) HHVBARS(EXPR[,N])

- expr
- The expression being evaluated.
- n
- The number of bars over which
*expr*is evaluated.

**Description**

Returns the number of bars ago that *expr* was the highest it has been over the last *n* bars. That is, including the current bar and the n-1 previous bars. Or if *n* is not given, the number of bars ago it was at its highest for the entire dataset.

The related Highest function can be used to determine the value of this bar.

**Example**

highest(H,10) is the highest high value for the last 10 bars.

highest(H) is the highest high value for the entire dataset.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

## HighestSince

**Usage**

HIGHESTSINCE(N,EXPR1,EXPR2)

- n
- The number of times ago that
*expr1*was true. - expr1
- A boolean expression that evaluates to true or false.
- expr2
- The expression that highest will be calculated from.

**Description**

Returns the highest value *expr2* has assumed since the *n*th time ago that *expr1*was true.

The related HighestSinceBars function can be used to determine which bar returned this value.

**Example**

highestsince(4,cross(mov(C,7),mov(C,21)),C)

returns the highest close price that has occurred since the fourth time ago that the 7-day simple moving average crossed the 21-day simple moving average.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

Highest | HighestSinceBars | LowestSince

## HighestSinceBars

**Usage**

HIGHESTSINCEBARS(N,EXPR1,EXPR2)

- n
- The number of times ago that
*expr1*was true. - expr1
- A boolean expression that evaluates to true or false.
- expr2
- The expression that highest will be calculated from.

**Description**

Returns the number of bars since the highest value of *expr2* was assumed since the *n*th time ago that *expr1* was true.

The related HighestSince function returns what *expr2* was on this bar.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

HighestBars | HighestSince | LowestSinceBars

## Lowest

**Usage**

LOWEST(EXPR[,N]) LLV(EXPR[,N])

- expr
- The expression being evaluated.
- n
- The number of bars over which
*expr*is evaluated.

**Description**

Returns the lowest value *expr* has assumed over the last *n* periods. That is, counting the current bar and the n-1 previous bars. If *n* is not given, then it will return the lowest value *expr* has assumed over the entire dataset. Not to be confused with Min.

The related LowestBars function can be used to determine which bar was the lowest.

**Example**

loweset(L,10) is the lowest low value for the last 10 bars.

loweset(V,15) is the loweset volume for any one bar over the last 15.

loweset(L) is the lowest low value for the entire dataset.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

Highest | LowestBars | Max | Min

## LowestBars

**Usage**

LOWESTBARS(EXPR[,N]) LLVBARS(EXPR[,N])

- expr
- The expression being evaluated.
- n
- The number of bars over which
*expr*is evaluated.

**Description**

Returns the number of bars ago that *expr* was the lowest it has been over the last *n* bars. That is, including the current bar and the n-1 previous bars. Or if *n* is not given, the number of bars ago it was at its lowest for the entire dataset.

The related Lowest function can be used to determine the value of this bar.

**Example**

lowest(H,10) is the lowest low value for the last 10 bars.

lowest(H) is the lowest low value for the entire dataset.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

## LowestSince

**Usage**

LOWESTSINCE(N,EXPR1,EXPR2)

- n
- The number of times ago that
*expr1*was true. - expr1
- A boolean expression that evaluates to true or false.
- expr2
- The expression that lowest will be calculated from.

**Description**

Returns the lowest value *expr2* has assumed since the *n*th time ago that *expr1*was true.

The related LowestSinceBars function can be used to determine which bar returned this value.

**Example**

lowestsince(4,cross(mov(C,7),mov(C,21)),C) returns the lowest close price that has occurred since the fourth time ago that the 7-day simple moving average crossed the 21-day simple moving average.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**

Lowest | LowestSinceBars | HighestSince

## LowestSinceBars

**Usage**

LOWESTSINCEBARS(N,EXPR1,EXPR2)

- n
- The number of times ago that
*expr1*was true. - expr1
- A boolean expression that evaluates to true or false.
- expr2
- The expression that lowest will be calculated from.

**Description**

Returns the number of bars since the lowest value of *expr2* was assumed since the *n*th time ago that *expr1* was true.

The related LowestSince function returns what *expr2* was on this bar.

**Comparison Table**

Finds | Examines | Returns | |

highest | highest | last N bars | value found |

highestbars | highest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

highestsince | highest | since event occurred N times | value found |

highestsincebars | highest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

lowest | lowest | last N bars | value found |

lowestbars | lowest | last N bars | bars since value was found |

lowestsince | lowest | since event occurred N times | value found |

lowestsincebars | lowest | since event occurred N times | bars since value was found |

max | highest | several values on current bar | value found |

min | lowest | several values on current bar | value found |

**See Also**